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    Sunday, 5 February 2017

    Gutu-born Fr Nyandoro appointed Bishop


    MASVINGO – Gutu born Priest, Dr Rudolf Nyandoro has been appointed the new Bishop of the Catholic Diocese of Gokwe.
    This brings to three the number of Roman Catholic bishops who hail from Gutu and these include Bishop Michael Dixon Bhasera of Masvingo and Bishop Xavier Munyongani of Gweru Dioceses.
    Father Nyandoro undoubtedly becomes Zimbabwe's youngest bishop at 49 years of age. He will be addressed as Monsignor until he is ordained as a bishop.
    The appointment was made by his Holiness Pope Francis through a statement released at 1pm on Saturday Zimbabwe time. The statement was released by the Apostolic Noncio who is the representative of the Pope in Harare.
    Monsignor Nyandoro replaces the Right Reverend Bishop Angelo M. Floro who has resigned as the Bishop of Gokwe.
    Before his appointment, Monsignor Nyandoro was the Chancellor of the Diocese of Masvingo which meant he was the third in hierarchy from Bishop Bhasera.  He was also a lecturer at Bondolfi Teachers' College and is a remarkable author who recently published a book on the Sacrament of Confession.
    The Mirror called to congratulate him to which he said that he will do the will of The Lord.
    He narrated how the message of the appointment was relayed to him on January 18, 2017 by the Nuncio. He said he was struck with disbelief when the Nuncio told him over the phone and he could not speak for a while. He was then told to keep the appointment a secret until the Pope announced the message.
    "It was at 0950am on January 18, 2017 when I received a call from His Excellency Marek Zalewsky the Nuncio to Zimbabwe. He emphasised that the message was very important and confidential. He then conveyed to me the message of my appointment as the Bishop of Gokwe.
    "I remained quiet for some time, he then encouraged me to reflect and pray over it and terminated the call. I did reflect and pray until the following day when l gave him my response. I remembered my verse of priestly ordination. (Hb 10:7) 'Here l am Lord l have come to do your will'. l also thought of my motto that: "The best way out is always through".
    "Here was a challenge l had to accept and to go through, so l did with all trust in the power of God. I kept that in my heart until it was announced on January 28, at 1pm local time. I am only a servant in the Lord's vineyard to do his will,'' said Monsignor Nyandoro.
    The brief statement from the Nuncio announced the resignation of Bishop Floro and the appointment of Father Nyandoro.
    "Today, January 28, 2017, His Holiness Pope Francis has accepted the resignation from care of the Diocese of Gokwe presented by Right Reverend Bishop Angelo M.Floro , S.M.I. (according to can.40& 1 of the CIC)
    "At the same time, the Holy Father has appointed Rev. Fr Rudolf Nyandoro, Chancellor of the Diocese of Masvingo, as the new Bishop of Gokwe. This information is under embargo until 1pm, today, at which it will be announced (12:00pm in Rome)," read the statement.
    Monsignor Nyandoro was born in 1968 in Gweru. He was ordained priest in December 1998.
    He was born to Justin Matara and Epiphania Mubhunu in Gweru as the first child in a family of six and he did his primary at Dambara School in Nyazvidzi Small Scale Farming Area in Gutu from 1979 to 1985 and did his secondary education at Chikwingwizha Minor Seminary from 1986 to 1989
    In 1990 he did his formation in Chimanimani and he was ordained at St Edwards in Kwekwe on December 19, 1998.
    He is a councellor and pastoral therapist and is accredited with the Southern African Counsellors Association. He studied BSC Counselling, MSC Counselling and PGDE with Zimbabwe Open University. Dr Nyandoro has furthered his studies in Practical Theology with specialisation in Pastoral Therapy from Masters to Doctoral Level and he completed in 2014.

    How bishops are chosen
    THE ULTIMATE decision in appointing bishops rests with the Pope, and he is free to select anyone he chooses. But how does he know whom to select?
    The process for selecting candidates for the episcopacy normally begins at the diocesan level and works its way through a series of consultations until it reaches Rome. It is a process bound by strict confidentiality and involves a number of important players – the most influential being the Apostolic Nuncio, the Congregation of Bishops, and the Pope. It can be a time consuming process, often taking eight months or more to complete. While there are differences between the first appointment of a priest as a bishop and a bishop's later transfer to another diocese or his promotion to archbishop, the basic outlines of the process remain the same.
    Key Terms
    Apostolic Nuncio
    The Pope's representative to both the government and to the hierarchy of a given nation; a key person in deciding what names are recommended to the Congregation for Bishops for possible episcopal appointment.
    Auxiliary Bishop
    A bishop appointed to assist a diocesan bishop. Whether in a diocese or archdiocese, his title is bishop.
    A bishop appointed to a Catholic diocese or archdiocese to assist the diocesan bishop. Unlike an auxiliary bishop, he has the right of succession, meaning that he automatically becomes the new bishop when the diocesan bishop retires or dies. By canon law, he is also vicar general of the diocese. If the diocese is an archdiocese, he is called coadjutor archbishop instead of coadjutor bishop. In recent years, a growing number of U.S. bishops in larger dioceses or archdioceses have requested and received a coadjutor in their final year or two before their retirement, in order to familiarize their successor with the workings of the (arch)diocese before he has to take over the reins. This minimizes the learning curve of a new bishop and eliminates completely the possibility of the diocese being vacant following the old bishop's retirement.
    Congregation for Bishops
    A department of the Roman Curia, headed by a Cardinal. The head of the Congregation, called the "prefect," is presently Cardinal Marc Ouellet, a Canadian. Among the congregation's responsibilities are moderating all aspects of episcopal appointments; assisting bishops in the correct exercise of their pastoral functions; handling ad limina visits (regular visits to Rome by bishops every five years); and establishing episcopal conferences and reviewing their decrees as required by canon law. Its membership consists of approximately 35 cardinals and archbishops from around the world..
    Diocesan Bishop
    Pastoral and legal head and representative of a diocese.
    A territory comprising one archdiocese, called the metropolitan see, and one or more dioceses, called suffragan sees. The Code of Canon Law spells out certain limited obligations and authority that the metropolitan archbishop has with respect to the dioceses within his province.
    A list of three candidates for a vacant office, including the office of bishop.
    Stage 1: Bishops' Recommendations
    Every bishop may submit to the archbishop of his province the names of priests he thinks would make good bishops. Prior to the regular province meeting (usually annually), the archbishop distributes to all the bishops of the province the names and curricula vitae of priests which have been submitted to him. Following a discussion among the bishops at the province meeting, a vote is taken on which names to recommend. The number of names on this provincial list may vary. The vote tally, together with the minutes of the meeting, is then forwarded by the archbishop to the Apostolic Nuncio. The list is also submitted to the Conference of Catholic Bishops.
    Stage 2: The Apostolic Nuncio
    By overseeing the final list of names forwarded to Rome, the Apostolic Nuncio plays a decisive role in the selection process.
    He not only gathers facts and information about potential candidates, but also interprets that information for the Congregation. Great weight is given to the nuncio's recommendations, but it is important to remember that his "gatekeeper" role, however, does not mean that his recommendations are always followed.
    For Diocesan Bishops
    •    After receiving the list of candidates forwarded by a province, the apostolic nuncio conducts his own investigation into the suitability of the candidates.
    •    A report is requested from the current bishop or the administrator of a diocese on the conditions and needs of the diocese. If the appointment is a replacement for a diocesan bishop or archbishop about to retire, consideration will be given to the incumbent's recommendations. Broad consultation within the diocese is encouraged with regard to the needs of the diocese, but not the names of candidates.
    •    The report is to include the names of individuals in the diocese with whom the Nuncio might consult and how to contact them.
    •    Previous bishops of the diocese are consulted.
    •    Bishops of the province are consulted
    •    The president and vice president of the Bishop's Conference are consulted.
    •    If the vacancy to be filled is an archdiocese, other archbishops in the country may be consulted.
    •    At this point, the Nuncio narrows his list and a questionnaire is sent to 20 or 30 people who know each of the candidates for their input.
    •    All material is collected and reviewed by the nuncio, and a report (approximately 20 pages) is prepared. Three candidates are listed alphabetically – the terna – with the nuncio's preference noted. All materials are then forwarded to the Congregation for Bishops in Rome.
    For Auxiliary Bishops
    •    A diocesan bishop must justify to the apostolic nuncio his need for an auxiliary bishop. This is easier if he is requesting a replacement for a retired or deceased auxiliary.
    •    The diocesan bishop prepares the terna, or list of three candidates, for his requested auxiliary and forwards it to the apostolic nuncio.
    •    The nuncio then conducts his own investigation of the priests on the diocesan bishop's terna, sending the names to Rome with a report and his own recommendations.
    •    On average, this part of the process may take two to six months.
    Stage 3: Congregation for Bishops
    Once all the documentation from the nuncio is complete and in order, and the prefect approves, the process moves forward. If the appointment involves a bishop who is being promoted or transferred, the matter may be handled by the prefect and the staff. If, however, the appointment is of a priest to the episcopacy, the full congregation is ordinarily involved.
    A cardinal relator is chosen to summarize the documentation and make a report to the full congregation, which generally meets twice a month on Thursdays. After hearing the cardinal relator's report, the congregation discusses the appointment and then votes. The Congregation may follow the recommendation of the nuncio, chose another of the candidates on the terna, or even ask that another terna be prepared.
    Stage 4: The Pope Decides
    At a private audience with the pope, usually on a Saturday, the prefect of the Congregation for Bishops presents the recommendations of the Congregation to the Holy Father. A few days later, the pope informs the Congregation of his decision. The Congregation then notifies the nuncio, who in turn contacts the candidate and asks if he will accept. If the answer is "yes," the Vatican is notified and a date is set for the announcement.
    It often takes six to eight months—and sometimes longer—from the time a diocese becomes vacant until a new bishop is appointed. top story news
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